okay so i want to start a homestead. build a small shack at first raise some animals and grow food.
animals for food and clothing
im not sure about the crops to plant since this will be done in the ochoco mountains in oregon. I want to be as self relient as possible. this is the research period before i go. i plan to move to the new land in about a year from now. just needing tips on what to build and how to set things up. I know I will need to bring in things from time to time but my retirement and disability will pay for those. and the skins probably would sell to someone. I am also going to be filming my experience out there the first year and possibly longer.
Firstly: Get prepared mentally and physically. You are researching which is great. This life is not experienced through page strokes and mouse clicks. It is PHYSICAL! I am 35, former infantry, current firefighter and avid fitness guy. Daily work around the place can be tough. I use a tractor as much as I can and most days my back and shoulders still hurt! Always, Post hole digging, fence stretching, board nailing, bale tossing, feed bag dumping, water bucket toting, dirt shoveling, ditch digging, tree felling, log splitting, wood stacking, shed roof patching, and stall door fixing.
But there is, berry picking, jam licking, watermelon slurping, pond fishing, honey comb sucking, apple cider drinking, baby goat birthing, egg gathering, pot of beans cooking, cucumber pickling, wood stove burning, wife smooching, pork BBQ making, guitar playing, and squirrel hunting with my boy in the middle of a "school" day.
so.... what everyone suggested above. Also....
#1) Strong Barn- Can live in it and store equipment and protect animals. Give it the ability to add on to. (Put our 28x40 up for $6,000)
#2) Know your land - Will it even support agriculture? drain ok? How hard is it to put a fence post in?
#3) Wooded or brushy-go with goats. Milk goats, fiber goats, meat goats. All clearing machines.
#4) Cut wood now for next winter! (always wood to cut and season.)
#5) Purchase with a lifetime of use in mind. You will find you get what you pay for and you will always use it more then once, regardless what you think.
#6) Tractor with front-end loader OR better a Backhoe. Invaluable machine! can find a good used one for $5000-$10000.
#7) Fencing- your not just trying to keep animals in, you want to keep things out. Electric fence is OK but fragile. Medium to big animals can snap it. Field fence with barbed wire (inside and out) is stronger.
#8) Fence posts!! Strong corner posts make or brake your fencing. go 2 to 3 ft down, concrete, cross braced to next post 6 ft away. Cross bracing between posts every 100ft.