all the above, but you better realy compost the chicken poop or it'll burn you garden up. personally i prefer raised beds it's just realy low maintenace, a little costly to start, unless you can get donated materials but will save in so many ways in the long run it's more than worth it. and in a tshtf senario low matenance is exactly what your going to need.I pose a question - How are you prepping our horrible sandy soil for planting? I am a big newbie to gardening. I am reading books, but I have yet to figure out the science of soil. Any help would be appreciated.